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Developing Educator Expertise to Work with Adolescent English Learners

Module 3 – Shifts in Our Understanding of Second Language Learning: From the Teaching of Oral Skills to the Development of Oracy: A Focus on the Conversation with Alice Stott

By Aída Walqui

OVERVIEW    |    INTRODUCTION    |    PART 1    |     PART 2    |     REFERENCES

List of References


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Chamot, A. U. (2009). The CALLA handbook: Implementing the cognitive academic language learning approach (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.


Chomsky, N. (1957). Syntactic structures. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.


Chomsky, N. (1959). Review of verbal behavior by B.F. Skinner. Language. 35(1), 26-58. Retrieved from


Chomsky, N. (1965). Aspects of the theory of syntax. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.


Chow, B. (2017). Foreword. In R. Heller, R. E. Wolfe, & A. Steinberg (Eds.), Rethinking readiness: Deeper Learning for college, work, and life (pp. v–vii). Harvard Education Press.



Hockett, C. (1958). A course in modern linguistics. New York, NY: The Macmillan Company.


Hymes, D. (1972). On communicative competence. In J.B. Pride, & J. Holmes (Eds.), Sociolinguistics. Selected readings (pp. 269-293). Harmondsworth: Penguin.


Krashen, S. & Terrel, T. (1983). The natural approach: Language acquisition in the classroom. Oxford: Pergamon.


Lantolf, J. (2006). Sociocultural theory and second language learning: State of the art. Studies in second language acquisition, 28, 67-109.


Lantolf, J.P., & Thorne, S. (2006). Sociocultural theory and the genesis of second language development. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.


Larsen-Freeman, D. (2003). Teaching language: From grammar to grammarizing. Boston, MA: Heinle & Heinle.


Rubin J. (1987). Learner strategies: Theoretical assumptions, research history and typology. In: A. Wenden, & J. Rubin (Eds.), Learner strategies in language learning (pp. 15-30). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.


Skinner, B.F. (1957). Verbal behavior. Acton, MA: Copley Publishing Group.


Valdés, G., Kibler, A., & Walqui, A. (2014). Changes in the expertise of ESL professionals: Knowledge and action in an era of new standards. TESOL International Association.


van Ek, J. (1977). The threshold level for modern language learning in school. Harlow: Longman.


van Lier, L. (2000). From input to affordance: Social interactive learning from an ecological perspective. In Lantolf, J. (Ed)., Sociocultural Theory and Second Language Learning. Oxford University Press.


van Lier, L. (2002). Ecology, contingency and talk in the postmethod classroom. New Zealand Studies in Applied Linguistics, 8, 1-20.


van Lier , L. (2004). The ecology and semiotics of language learning. A sociocultural perspective. Dordrecht, NL: Kluwer Academic.


van Lier, L. (2008). Ecological-semiotic perspectives on educational linguistics. In B. Spolsky & F. Hult (Eds.). The handbook of educational linguistics (pp. 596-605). Madsen, MA: Blackwell Publishing.


Walqui, A. & van Lier, L. (2010). Scaffolding the academic success of adolescent English Learners. A pedagogy of promise. San Francisco, CA: WestEd.


van Lier, L., & Walqui, A. (2012). Language and the Common Core State Standards. Paper presented at the Understanding Language Conference, Stanford, CA.


Walqui, A. (2019). Shifting from the teaching of oral skills to the development of oracy. In Luciana C. de Oliveira (Ed.), The Handbook of TESOL in K–12. John Wiley & Sons.


Widdowson, H. (1979). Notional syllabuses. In H. Widdownson (Ed.), Explorations in applied linguistics (pp.247-260). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

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